The world-wide-web is awash with not-so-helpful essay writing advice, which makes it tricky for students to get the advice they require when writing essays. So our experts that are academic written the following tips so that you could utilise before and whilst crafting your essay, to make certain your writing hits the mark.
Understand the question
This may, at the face of it, appear to be somewhat banal advice – but fact of the matter is that failing woefully to properly comprehend the question set is regarded as, if not the most typical reason for a disappointing grade with regards to essay writing. Have you been being asked to critically evaluate something? Compare and contrast? Analyse a circumstance that is particular? Evaluate the usefulness of a concept that is particular?
These are some of the common phrases present in essay questions, and each indicates a set that is different of. If you are asked to critically evaluate a certain theoretical approach, for instance, you need to gain a knowledge not merely of said theory, but additionally other common approaches. They must all be weighed against each other, highlighting the relative strengths and weaknesses of each and every theory and, importantly, you have to come to a well-justified and confident conclusion. May be the theory good? Exactly what are its flaws? Just how can it is improved?
You don’t necessarily need to go into as much critical depth if you are asked to evaluate the usefulness of something, however. Yes, you really need to still acknowledge alternative approaches, and yes, you really need to still note some strengths and weaknesses – however the majority of the job must emphasise the concepts practical usefulness. Perhaps the approach that is best is to get one, or a couple of, case studies in which the theory has been utilized – that which was the outcome of this? Does the application of the theory reveal any particular shortcomings, or strengths?
“Compare and contrast” essays, meanwhile, are essentially a hybrid of the above – you ought to take a crucial approach and measure the literature, but your focus has to remain solidly on the theories which you have been asked to compare and contrast. It is vital to show that you understand both (or all) core theories in great depth, both on a theoretical and applied level.
In essence, the wording associated with the essay question shall tell you the way the essay ought to be written. It will indicate where in fact the focus of one’s essay should lie while you research and write.
Plan and schedule
Knowing the question is the initial step, however it is incredibly important which you make efficient use of the available time. Students often underestimate the amount of work needed to write a great essay, which results in a few things: (1) late nights in the library, and (2) a grade that is disappointing. If you wish to achieve a great mark, you really need to start making plans for your essay the minute you receive the essay question. The following table may be a useful aid:
|Understand the question||(Insert date)|
|Map the essay chapters||(Insert date)|
|Collect articles||(Insert date)|
|Read and take notes||(Insert date)|
|Start writing||(Insert date)|
|Finish first draft||(Insert date)|
|turn in||(Insert date)|
By setting deadlines that you won’t be left with too much work right before your hand-in date for yourself and committing to stick to them, you are ensuring. It’s also important that you leave time, ideally a few days, between finishing your first draft and proofreading.
Perfect theories and academic approaches are rare – the majority that is clear of, arguments, and research reports have flaws. Being descriptive is okay if you are looking to scrape a pass, but for a higher grade you’ll want to show that you will be able to leverage critical reasoning in your dealing with academic materials. Do you know the limitations for the theories you may be drawing on? How have these been dealt with when you look at the literature? Just how do they impact the caliber of arguments presented, and also to what extent do they limit our understanding of what you are actually studying? What alternate explanations might offer depth that is additional?
Critical thinking is exactly what will make your essay be noticed. It shows the marker throughout your studies, but actually engaging with theories in an academic manner that you are not simply repeating the arguments that have been fed to you. A way that is good practice that is to cover careful attention when reading literature reviews in published articles – you will notice that authors don’t simply summarise previous studies, but offer a critique resulting in a gap for his or her own research.
Structure, focus and flow
The manner in which you present your argument is nearly as important due to the fact argument itself, which explains why it is imperative that your particular essay follows a logical structure. A classic piece of advice is always to “tell them what you’re likely to inform them, then tell them, and let them know that which you told them” – this, in essence, summarises the core introduction, main body, and conclusion structure of one’s essay.
Having an obvious and structure that is logical help ensure that your essay stays focused, and doesn’t stray from the question being answered. Each section, paragraph, and sentence should add value to your argument you are presenting. When you are writing, it’s good to take a step as well as ask yourself “what value performs this sentence/section add? How can it link to my overarching argument?” If you learn that you can’t answer that question, there is a top risk which you have strayed from your core argument, and you’ll wish to reconsider the path you are taking.
It’s also wise to make sure that all of the different elements of your essay fit together as a cohesive and logical whole, and that the transition from 1 argument to a higher is fluid. Students often treat essays as lists of arguments, presenting one after the other with little consideration for how they fit together, which inevitably contributes to a lowered grade. Be sure to tell your reader why you may be transitioning from one argument to a higher, why they are in this order that is particular and exactly how each argument helps shed light on a certain element of what you are actually discussing.
Whether you should read the article as a whole if you are still not a hundred percent sure, it is usually a good idea to skip to the conclusion – this usually contains a detailed summary of the study, which will help determine. You don’t want to waste time reading through and endless number of articles only to need an essay written find that they aren’t actually relevant. Once you’ve identified a few solid articles, you ought to (a) go through their bibliographies and take note of who they really are citing, as these articles will likely be of value for the research that is own (b) check on Google Scholar to see that has cited them. To work on this, simply input the true name of the article within the search bar and hit enter. Within the results, click “cited by” – this will return a list of most of the articles that have cited the publication you sought out.
It’s important that you don’t rely too heavily using one or a few texts, since this indicates to your marker which you haven’t engaged aided by the wider literature. You ought to be particularly careful in using course books (in other words. “introduction to management” and the like), as they are essentially summaries of other people’s work.
Quoting, paraphrasing and plagiarism
Academic writing requires a balance that is careful novel argument, and drawing on arguments presented by others. Writing an entirely ‘novel’ essay, without drawing on a single source, indicates which you haven’t produced a novel argument that you haven’t made yourself familiar with what has already been published; citing someone for every point made suggests. As such, it is necessary which you provide evidence (a credible citation) if you are making a statement of fact, or drawing on arguments, frameworks, and theories presented by other academics. These, in turn, should offer the novel that is overarching that you yourself are making.